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HEALTHY LIVING

How to choose the best hair brush

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By The Indian Spot

Hair brush is something we use almost every day. People normally use the wide toothed comb, but you certainly cannot rely on it for every hair style or hairdo. Different brushes have different effects on the look of hair and here is a list of different types of comb and their functions:

WIDE TOOTHED COMB – for wet hair

This is the most commonly used comb. Can be used on wet as well as dry hair; detangles hair effectively without much breakage and damage. If you have curly hair, this is the best comb for hair which will maintain the curls while de-tangling it.

RATTAIL COMB – for parting

This type of comb is flat and has fine teeth. The rat nail name itself tells us it has narrow handle which is used to partition hair. Great for hair styling! The fine teeth of the comb are great for smoothing out any cowlicks and bumps in your style. This comb can also be used while straightening or curling hair which needs hair to be partitioned.

PADDLE HAIR BRUSH – For long straight Hair

The paddle brush makes hair sleek, shiny and detangles it with ease. A paddle brush is usually quite large, flat and wide, and typically made of plastic, timber or ceramic.

VENTED BRUSH – Create Volume

Vent brushes have vented hollow centers to allow a heated stream of air to flow through the brush and the hair, ensuring high-speed drying and to create volume.

TEASING BRUSH  – Smooth Hair or Tease

This brush is for teasing your hair. Purposely creating those little knots in your hair when you want extra volume in your updos.

NATURAL BRISTLE BRUSH – smooth and shine

Boar bristle brushes are made up of 100% wild boar hair. These bristles distribute oils evenly throughout strands and are great for achieving a smooth, shiny blowout. If you have oily hair, you may simply brush your hair with this and oil will be evenly distributed throughout the length, leaving hair soft and shine-free.

SYNTHETIC BRISTLE BRUSH – smooth blowout

Usually made from nylon, synthetic bristles are best for super thick hair types. They can also add volume and help you with a perfectly smooth blowout.

METAL HAIR BRUSH – to create curls

Metal brushes are not good to use when going from wet to dry because they can pull and damage hair. They are used to create curls when blow-drying your hair and also for faster blowout.

MOREDry brushing for firmer, smoother skin.

ROUND BRUSH – For Blowouts

Round brush can be used to create perfect blowout, waves or curls. If you know the proper technique, it can also be used to straighten hair. They come in tons of different sizes; the smaller the brush, the tighter the curl. Blast the curl with cold air before unwinding, this will set the curls in place.

TANGLE TEEZER – Detangling

This brush is great for de-tangling your hair, and it is specifically made for it. Ordinary brushes work against the hair, basically ripping through and pulling out the knotted hair instead of detangling it. But the unique cone-shaped plastic bristles work to separate the hair, even the toughest tangles.

MIXED BRISTLE BRUSH –  distribute natural oils

Brushes can also come in a natural/synthetic bristle mix. To get the perfect combo of a boar bristle’s shiny hair benefits plus a synthetic’s detangling powers, go for a mixed bristle brush. The nylon bristles detangle tresses, while the boar bristles distribute your hair’s natural oils and smooth the cuticle to maintain healthy hair.

WOODEN BRISTLES – for scalp massage and healthy hair

Wooden bristles are also gentle and durable. The bristles easily penetrate the hair and stimulate, massage the scalp. It distributes precious oils from the root of the hair to the ends for the maintenance of healthy and beautiful hair.

TYPES OF BRISTLES

Bristle type: Boar – The bristle brushes are made from 100% natural wild boar hair. They are tightly packed together and feel stiff, but with some flexibility. These bristles distribute oils evenly throughout strands and are great for achieving a smooth, shiny blowout.

Bristle type: Nylon – Nylon bristles are less expensive than boar brushes, but still effective. The bristles are usually spaced farther apart than boar and achieve a medium to strong grip on all hair types. The better the grip, the smoother and straighter your style will be.

Bristle type: Plastic – Plastic and synthetic bristles are all-purpose brushes. The bristles are incredibly strong, made for working through larger areas of medium to thick hair.

ADDITIONAL TIPS:

  • Clean your brushes every week, remove hair from the bristles with your fingers, or use scissors to cut out larger clumps, then just pull them out.
  • Replace your brush when the bristles are fraying.
  • Always use a hairbrush with bristles long enough to reach your scalp. This way they will release your hair’s natural oils and keep hair and scalp nourished.
  • Choose hair brush according to your hair type. A baby-soft bristle is great for fine hair and coarse bristles are perfect for thicker hair. Ask your stylist for more advice.
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HEALTHY LIVING

Tips to maintain your skin’s health

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(Family Features) Your skin is your first line of defense against the outer world. As the body’s largest organ, it protects you from bacteria, viruses and other environmental hazards, including pollution, ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun and more. It also helps regulate body temperature, recognizes pain sensations and alerts you to potential health problems, making it one of the body’s ultimate multitaskers.

While some factors that impact your skin – like genetics, aging, hormones and certain health conditions – are out of your control, there are steps you can take to support and maintain your skin’s health.

Protect Yourself from the Sun
No matter the season, exposure to UV rays from the sun can cause wrinkles, age spots and other types of damage, which could lead to skin cancer. To protect your skin from these harmful rays, use topical sunscreen daily with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30 – even when it’s overcast – and reapply regularly.

Boost Your Diet with Antioxidants
A well-balanced diet consisting of plenty of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins and whole grains is an important part of maintaining healthy skin. However, diet alone isn’t always enough.

Many dermatologists recommend Heliocare Daily Use Antioxidant Formula as an oral dietary supplement. It contains Fernblock PLE technology, an exclusive plant extract rich in antioxidant properties that works to counteract the negative effects of free radicals, which are unstable atoms generated through everyday life that can damage skin cells. Free radical damage can cause wrinkles, discoloration and other signs of environmental aging. Taking a supplement daily, like Heliocare, can enhance antioxidant intake to help maintain skin health. Plus, it serves as a companion to topical SPF.

Keep Skin Moisturized
Daily use of a face and body moisturizer can help maintain a healthier skin barrier. This helps draw moisture to your skin from the air and lock it in. For best results and optimal hydration, moisturize within minutes of drying off after bathing to trap in moisture. Also remember to drink plenty of water, which can help keep skin hydrated, too.

Reduce Stress
Uncontrolled stress can trigger the release of hormones that dull skin and cause it to produce more oil, which can result in breakouts and other skin problems. To encourage clearer, healthier skin, take steps to reduce stress such as scaling back your to-do list, setting reasonable limits, making time for things you enjoy or trying a stress-reduction technique like yoga, meditation or tai chi.

Wear Protective Clothing
In addition to topical SPF, covering skin as opposed to leaving it exposed to the elements can protect from sun damage. When UV rays are at their peak, typically in the middle of the day, consider wearing long sleeves, pants and a large-brimmed hat.

Get a Good Night’s Rest
During sleep, your body repairs itself and regenerates skin cells. The National Sleep Foundation recommends adults get 7-9 hours of sleep each night, during which time the body produces higher levels of collagen, a protein that supports healthier looking (and functioning) skin. Lack of sleep and collagen loss go hand in hand.

Learn more about skin, antioxidants and free radical damage at heliocare.com.

Photo courtesy of Shutterstock


SOURCE:
Heliocare

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HEALTHY LIVING

Spilling the secrets to early literacy

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(Family Features) For young children, learning to read is a critical step in their educational journeys, as literacy helps build cognitive abilities and language proficiency and has a direct impact on later academic achievement.

While there are no shortcuts to early literacy, there are steps parents can take to promote the development of children’s reading abilities. Dr. Lauren Loquasto, senior vice president and chief academic officer at The Goddard School, and Steve Metzger, award-winning author of more than 70 children’s books, share this guidance for parents.

Get Started Early
It’s never too early to start reading with children. In fact, they respond to being read to prenatally. One of the best ways to encourage early literacy is modeling the act of reading. Young children love to imitate, and if they see their parents reading, they are more likely to want to read themselves. Instead of scrolling on your phone or watching television while your children play, pick up a book or magazine.

Use Conversation to Build Literacy
To help build their vocabularies, consistently engage children in conversation. Literacy is more than reading and writing; it’s also listening and speaking. Children understand words before they can articulate them, so don’t be discouraged if it feels like a one-way conversation.

Expose Children to More Than Books
Make your home environment print-rich, as the more exposure children have to letters and words, the better. For example, keep magnetic letters and words on the fridge, put labels on your toy containers and position books and magazines in different rooms. Also remember reading isn’t limited to books. Words are everywhere, from street signs to restaurant menus. Take advantage of every opportunity to connect with your children through words throughout your day.

Let Them Take the Lead
Children engage with books in different, developmentally appropriate ways. Some children quickly flip through pages or only look at pictures while others might make up stories or their own words or songs. Some only want to read the same book over and over and some want to read a new book every time. Embrace and encourage their interest in books, no matter how they choose to use them.

Establish a Routine
Parents of young children often have busy and hectic lives, so it isn’t always easy to find time to read. Consistency is key, so be intentional about setting aside time for reading every day – perhaps it’s after dinner or before bedtime – and stick to it.

Select the Right Books
Helping young children choose books is an important part of their learning-to-read process. Developmental appropriateness is critical. For infants and toddlers, start with nursery rhymes, which are mini-stories that grasp children’s attention through repetition, rhythm and rhyming. Visuals are also important because they aren’t yet pulling words off the page. For emerging readers, choose books that align with their interests. Focus on books that are printed with text that goes from left to right and top to bottom.

Expose children to both fiction and non-fiction books. Non-fiction provides real-world knowledge children crave and helps them make sense of what they read in fictional stories. For example, the learnings about the life cycle of a bat they read in “Bat Loves the Night,” a non-fiction book, can help them better understand what’s happening in “Stellaluna,” a fiction book about a young bat.

If you’re in doubt about book choices, consult with a teacher or librarian, who can make recommendations based on your children’s interests and reading levels.

Foster a Love of Reading
Children’s early exposure to books can set the stage for a lifetime of reading. Make reading a time for discovery. Take children to a library or bookstore and encourage them to explore and find books on their own. Display genuine interest in their selections and use books as a tool for engaging and connecting with them. Don’t pressure children to learn how to read. Accept, validate and encourage them as they progress on their unique literacy journeys.

To watch a webinar recording featuring Loquasto and Metzger providing additional literacy guidance and recommendations, and access a wealth of actionable parenting insights and resources, visit the Parent Resource Center at GoddardSchool.com.

Photos courtesy of Shutterstock


SOURCE:
The Goddard School

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HEALTHY LIVING

Breathe better with asthma, wherever you are

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(Family Features) If you have asthma, you know that symptoms can come on quickly, then worsen.

The things that make them do that are called triggers. An important part of managing asthma is knowing your triggers at home, work, school or while you’re outdoors.

A health care provider can help you figure that out, then you can take steps to avoid those triggers and breathe easier.

At Home
Because asthma is usually due to allergies, triggers are often allergens, or things that cause allergic reactions. Allergens such as pet dander, dust mites, pests and smoke can make asthma symptoms worse in some people, and for others, even trigger an asthma attack.  

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) suggests that it may be helpful to combine a few different strategies to help reduce exposure to triggers.

People sensitive to dust can clean with a high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filtration vacuum and use mattress and pillow covers that prevent exposure to dust mites. If you’re sensitive to pests like cockroaches and rodents, consider integrated pest management, which involves removing and controlling pests through methods such as traps or poison. Avoiding tobacco smoke, including secondhand smoke, can be especially helpful for some people with asthma.

At School
Asthma is one of the leading reasons children miss school. At school, kids may be exposed to dust mites, pests and mold, which may be asthma triggers for some children.

Because children spend lots of time at school, it can be helpful for teachers, school nurses or coaches to know what to do if your child’s symptoms flare up. Team up with a health care provider to develop an asthma action plan and share it with trusted adults at your child’s school.

At Work
The workplace can have hundreds of potential triggers, like chlorine-based cleaning products, bleaches, hair dyes and metal dust. Repeated exposures in the workplace can also lead to new triggers. Report new or worsening symptoms that occur at work to your health care provider and your workplace supervisor.

Outdoors
Everyday weather like cold, dry air can set off breathing problems. Air pollution can affect asthma, too.

It may be helpful to avoid some of the worst pollution by adjusting when and where you exercise. Try to avoid exercising near busy roads or industrial areas. Visit airnow.gov to check your local air quality so you can plan to avoid outdoor activities when pollution is highest.

Managing your triggers is just one part of keeping your asthma under control. Work with a health care provider to develop an asthma treatment plan that includes taking medicines as prescribed and keeping track of your symptoms and where you are when they occur. That way, you can know what’s making your asthma worse or better.

To learn more about asthma, visit NHLBI’s Learn More Breathe Better® program at nhlbi.nih.gov/BreatheBetter.

Photo courtesy of Shutterstock


SOURCE:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

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